BIT’s 4th Annual World Congress of Smart Materials – 2018 : Weaving an Avatar Dream Together

Title of Presentation: The Design of Three-Dimensional Textiles into Tactile Toys to be used as Tactile Therapy for Children with Sensory Processing Disorder
Presented by: Karen Hong
Venue: Hyatt Regency Osaka, Japan
Date: 6 - 8 March 2018
Abstract: The potentials of textiles have gone beyond fashion and aesthetics. For this research, it is found that textiles can be applied as a source of tactile therapy for children who are diagnosed with sensory processing disorder, specifically to aid children suffering from tactile sensory dysfunctions. Touch is a very important sense. Through our skin, we receive information regarding touch, pressure, texture, temperature and pain. Being able to react positively to touch sensations enables us to feel comfortable and emotionally secure. For the group of children who are experiencing tactile dysfunction, they have difficulty accepting touch, or are unaware of the sense of touch or even constantly seeking touch. A range of textile based products, collectively known as Tactile Toys are designed specifically for their use during the occupational therapy sessions as tactile therapy, helping them to improve their ability to regulate, interpret and execute appropriate behavioural responses to touch sensations so that they are able to live their lives in a functional manner. Tactile Toys are designed by using three-dimensional structural textiles created by the technique of heat setting on thermoplastic fabrics. This technique enables a flat fabric to be transformed into three-dimensional sculptural forms by different methods of fabric manipulations. Tactile Toys are being added to the current range of sensory toys and products as tactile therapy; supporting children who are tactile over-responsive, tactile under-responsive and tactile seeking to overcome their dysfunction and respond appropriately to tactile senses in their daily lives.
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